Historical Legacy


BECKER, Bertha. AMAZNIA: GEOPOLITICS IN THE TURN OF III THE MILLENIUM. So Paulo: Garamond, 2004. SUMMARY OF THE TEXT: ' ' The Historical legacy and the Structural Changes in ends of century xx (CAP. I); The Amaznia and Globalization (CAP. II); The New Place of the Amaznia in Brazil (CAP. III). ' ' CAP I the historical process of the Amaznia today configures its basic paper in the economic space, social politician and, what it implies in the territorial formation, the regional planning and the incognito of heartland. In such a way, the territorial formation of the region if constitutes from the process of settling made for Portuguese and Jesuit missionaries, what it delineated the exploration of the natural resources, a priori the extration of the drugs of the hinterland was economic base for exportation. In elapsing of the time ' ' boom' ' of the rubber also it possessed this mercantile intention and later the definition of the limits of the region had been configured, in the period of 1899 and 1930. Being thus, formation of the region in them detaches strategies in order to get greater has controlled of the territory beyond, to deal with the territorial occupation, approaches the extration of resources in the Amazon region, what it extends for the domestic market and external, defined the space as border economy. This allows in them to detach that it had, and still has economic, social conflicts and politicians around the region as well as, quarrels that around turn of the form to be used the land, of the consequncias that the border economy brings for the Amazon region and the world. In this manner, the governmental structure considers the regional planning in the decade of 30, with its initial phase commanded by Getlio the Vargas who stimulate projects for the action scale, however resulted effective regarding integration, modernization, also implementation of projects and in the development generality the principle for Juscelino Kubitschek is caused.