Global Entrepreneurship Monitor

A third of the world are women entrepreneurs, the study Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2006 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship. This study, which includes data from 40 countries, among which is Spain, says that more and more women entrepreneurs, especially in countries with low income levels, where the gap between women and men in front of businesses close. Just like Venezuela clearly show how the entrepreneurial nature of business has been inhibited by the combined effect of a set of cultural and ideological values contrary to the axiological foundation of modern social market economy. In this field, our country shows that, at first glance looks like a curious paradox: a country still highly entrepreneurial people, is one of the less competitive internationally. Such a contradiction can only be explained as the result of the ocean between the corporate provision of the population and the state’s inability to articulate public policies that promote innovation and international competitiveness of Venezuela. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) (2003) is an international survey which measures the degree of entrepreneurship in a country and compares it to other countries. The GEM does not distinguish between formal and informal entrepreneurs, nor distinguish whether entrepreneurship endure over time and result in added value for society. What is GEM distinguishes itself from entrepreneurs who founded a company, because they want to exploit a business opportunity, and those who do out of necessity or lack of other options. According to this sample, Venezuela is the second of a sample of 31 countries, where people show a clear entrepreneurship, that is, a willingness to start a business, or expand the current business to other opportunities. Venezuela is a great country, which has enormous development potential. Above all, has a population strongly entrepreneurial and eager for business growth opportunities. Unfortunately, these opportunities have not crystallized, as the institutional framework itself, conceived the ideas that inspire and guide our public policy on the one hand, and our attitude as entrepreneurs in creating wealth, on the other hand, constantly conspire against the development of a genuine sense of business, of entrepreneurship is not confined to certain climates, and is not in the genes, but in the nature which characterizes man as a subject that aspires always a better future. The moral is that it is possible to break the vicious circle of poverty, for which there is only beginning to be creative and unprejudiced in the institutional building of a productive and equitable society.