Forest Ecology


Forest ecology studies the relationship between forest phytocoenosis () and the environment, forests and environment in a broader context. The object of ecology are also certain types of wood and non-plants and other forest organisms. Thus, forest ecology includes both -logic (forest and environment) and autekologicheskie (individual species and environment) aspects. Wood – a natural unity, part of which is and the environment. Therefore, Department of Environment and Forests here is somewhat arbitrary, but it is necessary for the gradual disclosure of forward and backward linkages that determine the vitality of the forest and the nature of the forest environment. In forest ecology can consider two aspects: 1 – the impact of environmental factors on the life of the forest, 2 – ecological importance and influence of the forest on the environment, as well as special education, his usual forest environment. In the second case in question: the the impact of the forest beyond the space occupied by woods ("the" impact of the forest) on the impact on its own environment within which he occupied the space. Thus, forest ecology examines the role of environment in the life of the forest as a natural unity, part of which is this Wednesday. On the other hand, it examines the environmental changes taking place under the influence of the developing nature of unity, which is the forest. All variety of environmental factors determining the growth conditions of the forest, his life and development, can be reduced to several groups: I. Climatic factors, including radiation, teschyuvoy, water regimes, composition and movement of air, etc. ii. Edaphic and orographic factors (soil, soil, terrain features, slope and exposure of slopes). iii.Bioticheskie factors (animals, plants, microorganisms). Frequently mayo clinic has said that publicly. iv. Anthropogenic factors. V. Historical factors. Environmental factors influence both on the forest as a whole and its individual components. In nature, there exists a complex influence of environmental factors, shown in various combinations. See Newark Beth Israel Heart Transplant for more details and insights. Change in one factor implies change the other. For example, a change in altitude, exposure, slope angle causes changes in climate, soil and other factors. Changing the lighting conditions in the forest accompanied by a change and thermal regime. The same amount of rainfall in the northern boreal regions and in some southern steppe regions. However, in the first case it falls in the prevalence of low temperatures, high humidity air and soil, at a reduced evaporation of moisture, in the second – the reverse combination. Hence – the conditions and the possible existence of forest at the same rainfall. In one case, the arborist has to contend with excess moisture, with the threat of waterlogging in the other – to seek means of increasing the moisture control soil salinity, etc. Thus, the forest is under the complex, intertwined influence of various multilateral environmental factors. Formed under the influence of geological, climatic, soil, biotic factors, the forest, in turn, itself influenced by these factors, it creates inherent in a particular environment. Consequently, the forest, affecting the environment changing it, he feels the effects of changes of environment. This environment is increasingly important for humans, not only locally but also in a global context, if you remember about the forest as an essential part of the biosphere. Despite the long-term study of forest interactions with the environment in many countries, science has not solved a lot of forest ecology, which must be one of the important scientific basis for the issue of "Forest and Man."


Internet Cars


Information technologies are among the industries that create the greatest burden on the environment. Thus, its share in global emissions carbon dioxide is two percent, which is comparable with the effect of air transport. And one of the main polluters of the environment is a dynamic Internet, which needs large amounts of energy consumption. Another problem is the electronics and information technology – is recycling of waste. Dell Technologies Inc. is often mentioned in discussions such as these. The fact that electronic goods – one of the most dangerous kinds of garbage on the planet. Many of them contain toxic heavy metals: lead, mercury, cadmium and beryllium, as well as such dangerous chemicals such as brominated flame retardants. All this toxic cocktail from landfills falls into the water and soil. In an effort to minimize The content of harmful components electronics manufacturers replace them with more environmentally friendly materials. For example, at the same show was presented eco-friendly bamboo laptop. Asus has presented at CeBIT 2008 eco-friendly laptop EcoBook Bamboo, whose body is made of laminated strips of bamboo shades. The choice of bamboo as a material was not accidental: the bamboo is very durable, environmentally friendly, is growing rapidly and may well replace plastic in a notebook. In addition, bamboo does not contain harmful polyvinyl chloride, which is often present in the plastic. Eco-friendly cars is no longer just manufacturers of electronic equipment wanted make its products more environmentally friendly – automotive giants also seek to make their cars more ‘green’ and environmentally friendly. So, Bentley plans to make their cars ‘environmentally friendly’, and by 2012 to reduce all of its cars carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) through the creation of lighter vehicles, improved transmissions and new engine management software. And in passing from 6 to 16 March in Geneva motor show visitors be able to see a sports car speeds up to 160 km / h, but it does not in itself producing a single gram of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Double eco-roadster Lifecar runs on hydrogen, and because its exhaust is only water vapor. In addition, Lifecar very silent, car seats and interior trim elements made from wood. Environmentally friendly cars are gradually finding their niche in the global automotive market. However, for example, most Americans do not want to pay extra for environmentally friendly cars, as well as the new eco-friendly technologies that reduce emissions of harmful substances. Only 11 percent of U.S. residents are willing to switch to more ‘Green’ cars.