Urban Green Areas


Gabriela Almeida Da Silva 1 Summary: The work consists inside of a research on the green public spaces of the great cities. They will be boarded historical aspects, the consequences of the relation city and nature, the definition and characteristics of the main urban green areas that today are represented by the public parks, squares, gardens and arborization of avenues and highways. finally to show its function in the urban space. Words keys: urban green areas; urban planning; public spaces; lazer1. IntroduoA history of the urban green areas evolved during the time, leaving of the beginning of a garden, some famous gardens as the garden of the den and the suspended gardens of Babilnia help have to count a little histories of the green areas, therefore it is from there that the idea of modern gardens of the cities is had inside. The introduction of gardens in urban areas occurred mainly in century XIX in the Europe, China and in Egypt. When this practical if it became common in the Europe, had started to appear the first plazas and squares in Brazil in area urbansticas, mainly from the three last decades of century XIX, and thus it had a constant transformation of the public spaces in the great Brazilian cities. No longer century XX, if became common construction of landscaped squares and parques.2. Urbano and NaturezHoje the green areas if had become a reference in defense of the environment and its degradation, currently the green spaces are being taken for the urban centers. The urbanization is each more complex time, that is, the urban space tends if to more expand each time because of its productive force, and thus the partner-ambient questions enter in contradiction with the partner-economic questions. This can be reflected in the following phrase ' ' The city is a way of living, thinking, but also of sentir' '.


Historical Legacy


BECKER, Bertha. AMAZNIA: GEOPOLITICS IN THE TURN OF III THE MILLENIUM. So Paulo: Garamond, 2004. SUMMARY OF THE TEXT: ' ' The Historical legacy and the Structural Changes in ends of century xx (CAP. I); The Amaznia and Globalization (CAP. II); The New Place of the Amaznia in Brazil (CAP. III). ' ' CAP I the historical process of the Amaznia today configures its basic paper in the economic space, social politician and, what it implies in the territorial formation, the regional planning and the incognito of heartland. In such a way, the territorial formation of the region if constitutes from the process of settling made for Portuguese and Jesuit missionaries, what it delineated the exploration of the natural resources, a priori the extration of the drugs of the hinterland was economic base for exportation. In elapsing of the time ' ' boom' ' of the rubber also it possessed this mercantile intention and later the definition of the limits of the region had been configured, in the period of 1899 and 1930. Being thus, formation of the region in them detaches strategies in order to get greater has controlled of the territory beyond, to deal with the territorial occupation, approaches the extration of resources in the Amazon region, what it extends for the domestic market and external, defined the space as border economy. This allows in them to detach that it had, and still has economic, social conflicts and politicians around the region as well as, quarrels that around turn of the form to be used the land, of the consequncias that the border economy brings for the Amazon region and the world. In this manner, the governmental structure considers the regional planning in the decade of 30, with its initial phase commanded by Getlio the Vargas who stimulate projects for the action scale, however resulted effective regarding integration, modernization, also implementation of projects and in the development generality the principle for Juscelino Kubitschek is caused.


A Japanese Village


Acultura Jomon was then subdivides obeying 3000 B.C. KatsusakUbayama c.3000 – 2000 RECENT B.C. HorinouchiKasori c.2000 1000 FINAL B.C. Angyo (or Kamageoca, in Tohoku) c.1000 250 B.C. (nosul of Japan) (KIDDER, 1970 p.34) Alimentary Habits and Structure-Social the Jomon took a sedentary life and tinhamuma basic partner-structural organization, constituting membrosorganizados families of 3/4 in villages. Acaa of small animals, cervdeos (deer) and wild boars was empregue in largaescala, therefore these abundavam in mountains. Also it had the collection of frutoscomo chestnut and nuts, and the plantation of grassy,> (maize, sarraceno wheat, ssamo, and feijoeiro). It fishes it and the shellfish collection had constituted fatorimportante in the feeding of the Jomon. The so elementary rice the culinria japonesas will be implanted hundreds of years later, brought for other vagasmigratrias comings of China. 1. Ainus; The origin daconfuso! Current povoAinu is attributed to it as being the first inhabitants of Japan. However it is well probable quetenham these, constituted a migratory vacant well more recent +ou- in the IIIa.C century, come of the north for the Sakalinas islands and fixing itself only in the deHokkaido region necessarily at the same time where the Yayoi migravam for the south (Kyushu) crossing the strait of Korea. SEQ 3 Figure * ARABIC Indication of the respective vagascontemporneas of the Ainus to the north, and of the Yayoi to the South, Century III a.C The Ainus had found a bemestabelecida population already in Japan, that is, the Jomon. Very probably, foramassimilando the standards of the Jomon culture in such a way in agriculture how much in ceramics, even so divergent between itself the archaeologists nipes suggest that the interaction entreAinu and Jomon has occurred in a less brusque way of what if it can imagine. According to KIDDER, 1970, the assimilation entreessas two cultures would have occurred of harmonious form, even so has who afirmeque the shock between the two would have been violent.


Bare Mountain


If for Yves Lacoste the geography of the Third World is a geography of the discords, for we, northeasterns, Geography of the Polygon of the Droughts it is a geography of the desolation. It are of any determinista preintention, is difficult to deny the influence of the geographic way in the differentiation it growth. It observes the five regions where the Country was divided: While in the Region North it meets bigger hidrogrfica basin of the world, most northeast one is circumscribed to the Polygon of the Droughts, characterized for one isoieta of 600 mm. In its interior, runs some temporary rivers, except the San Francisco and the Parnaiba, whose basins would have to be excluidas of the Polygon, for constituirem very extensive humid areas. The rare ore occurrence also is limitante. We never had, here, a Bare Mountain range, a Carajs, a Basin De Campos, much less a layer of oil in Daily pay-Salt. But this does not say everything. The truth is that northeast economic history is associated with the phenomenon of the periodic droughts. as not yet it was possible to become the resistant nordetina economy the droughts, geography of this region she is estarrecedora, is of desolation. It can be defined dries as a drastic reduction of the pluviomtrica precipitation that costuma to occur in the northeast half provincial (the Polygon of the Droughts) the one that they are citizens, partially, the States that compose the region some cities of the North of Minas Gerais. Not to forget that 97% it Cear are enclosed in this Polygon. The incidence of this phenomenon verwhelms the agricultural production in the affected area, decimates the cattle and cause suffering to the population, that, then, if submits to the lack d' water, feeding and other restrictions, also the inaaceitvel death. But nor always the phenomenon assumes this characteristic. It has occasions where rains reach the historical average of the precipitation, however distribuida irregularally, with regard to the secular series.