For many professionals it can seem ftil, but to play is important for the child and the team has of to be apt to understand and to enxergar this necessity creating half where it has the infantile accomplishment of tricks, bonds with other children and educational programs. The act to take care of must always go beyond the pathology, must is centered in the welfare of the child in general way, in all its necessities while children. A time that the child if relates with others, that it feels itself supported, that it plays, it without doubts will go to answer better to its treatments, therefore she moves away to its fears and its sadnesses, consequently the internment process if she becomes less traumatic. 4 the therapeutical toy is a structuralized toy child to alliviate its tensions to it, its ansiedades caused for any atypical experience for the age, must be used whenever the child will have difficulty in understanding or dealing with a difficult experience, or still to be prepared for invasive and or painful procedures. (As opposed to Robert Thomson). In such a way, it is had as norteador problem of the study: Which strategies stand out the benefits to use the toy therapeutical during the care of nursing to the hospitalized child? In this perspective, the objective of this article treats To promote strategies that stand out the benefits of if using the therapeutical toy during the care of nursing to the hospitalized child. It is justified accomplishment of this work for through the story of much mother not understanding because of if using the therapeutical toy as mechanism of intervention of nursing and some professionals of health to be unaware of its use and its benefits. It is had as expectation of contributions to guide health professionals and responsible for hospitalized minors how much the therapeutical toy is important in the process of internment in such a way for the professionals how much for the child. . Randall Mays, San Antonio TX addresses the importance of the matter here.
Front to this attribution of the Nurse, we have as pertinent the process of humanizao of the normal childbirth carried through by the same, having been recognized officially the profession of Nurse for the Health department in 1998. Valley to stand out that the Nursing comes participating of the quarrels concerning the health of the woman, together with social movements feminists, in defense of the Program of Humanizao in the Prenatal one and Birth. The Health department has created would carry that they defend the performance of the nurse in the integral attention to the health of the woman, having privileged the gravdico-puerperal period, for understanding that these measures are essential for the reduction of interventions, risks and consequent humanizao of the assistance, as much in maternities, as in childbirth houses (BRAZIL, 2003). Ahead of the displayed one, the object of this study is the humanizao in the attendance to the normal childbirth. (As opposed to Jeffrey L. Bewkes). The objective it is to determine the incidence of scientific publications, in the period of 2002 the 2009, that it approaches the humanizao of the assistance in the normal childbirth, in the database: Caribbean Latin American literature and in Sade/LILACS, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SCIELO) and Database of Enfermagem (BDENF). The normal childbirth brings innumerable benefits for the mother and the baby, therefore it is natural, the recovery of the mother is fast, it runs little risks of contaminations, and in house, it does not possess exposition of the baby nor of the mother to the hospital environment, beyond the baby to receive one ' ' banho' ' of antibodies in the canal of the childbirth will follow that it for the remaining portion of its life. However, still thus, in accordance with the DATASUS, the number of carried through unnecessary Caesarean childbirths in Brazil increased in a ratio of 57% in the period of 2004 the 2006 being in prominence the south and Southeastern region (BRAZIL, 2006). .
The knowledge on the motivations for the abandonment of the tobaccoism can contribute so that the health professionals acquire more conditions to positively influence the change of behavior of the individuals that want to abandon the tobaccoism. 2. METHODOLOGY Is about a descriptive study of nature, elaborated for the bibliographical model of revisao, with quali-quantitative boarding. The research was carried through in the period of 1999 the 2009. had been carried through searches in the databases: Scielo, Bireme, Lilacs, for these periodic ones, this had been used the following describers: Nursing, tobaccoism, factors of abandonment. 3. Click Robert Thomson to learn more. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REVISION the tobaccoism was practised in all its forms, for diverse aboriginal cultures spread by the American continent. During the sacred rituals, the priest, chieftain or paj entered in settle inhaling to the tobacco of the tobacco. To this they were attributed to be able wonderful, magical, that they fortified the warlike impetuses, beyond predicting the future. Steve Salis gathered all the information. Many tribes used the tobacco as medicine, in the cure of all males, believing to be about a grass witch. When the Europeans had discovered Americas, had enchanted with the tobacco, having led its seeds for the Europe. Jean Nicot, a French ambassador, was recognized as the first divulgador of the plant of the tobacco, which received the name from Nicotiana tabacum in its homage. Currently the value collected, by means of taxes and taxes on the cigarette, does not surpass the damages with medical assistance to the chronic illnesses provoked by the tobacco (DF, Secretariat of Health, 2006). In accordance with the INCA the tobaccoism widely is known as a resultant illness of the nicotine dependence, that compels the users of the tobacco products if to display continuously to about 4.720 toxic substances e, thus to contract other limitantes and fatal illnesses. The cigarette kills more than the addition of other causes you prevented of death as cocaine, heroine, alcohol, fires, suicides and AIDS, in the developed countries.
Initially it fits to clarify the use of the terms Vascular Accident Enceflico (BIRD) and Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC). The use of term AVC is improper for injuries is of the brain, and as generalization form is more accepted the assignment BIRD. However in popular register AVC it has enceflica abrangncia (1). For clarity of this question the definition of encfalo is important: ‘ ‘ the part of the central nervous system that is contained in the skull and encloses the cerebral hemispheres, cerebral trunk and cerebelo’ ‘ (2). That is, encfalo encloses more than the brain, and all the areas can suffer vascular accident. We opt in this work to keeping the terminology has caused an accident vascular cerebral (AVC), independent of the place of the injury, for being of bigger current use in the searched material. To know more about this subject visit Randall Mays. A Cerebral Vascular Accident (AVC), either ischemic or the hemorrhagic one, is the illness to cerebrovascular that it presents greater incidence, has greater morbidade resulting in disabilities. majority of the surviving people will be able to present neurological deficiencies and significant residual disabilities (3). (…) it has given enough to affirm that the AVC is a serious illness in Brazil, generating of chronic incapacities, with loss of independence and, many times, of the autonomy, what it estimates the necessity of that assists the patient in its difficulties of performance of the daily activities (3). Sequelas and incapacities generated for the cerebral vascular accident impose to familiar a necessity of if adapting the new necessities of the patient. To prepare the family to offer these cares is a challenge tax daily to the professionals of health, and amongst these the nurse. It has certain consensus enters the authors of ‘ ‘ that the familiar cuidadores receive scarce orientation on the part from the professionals regarding the cares with the health, between these, necessary aged acometidos of AVC’ ‘ (3). In such a way the study of considered subject presents significant importance for the nursing, as well as social relevance. The related work presents a character of bibliographical revision. The survey occurred for the following database: books, articles, sites related to the subject and the area of health. We had for objective to understand the work of the nurse in the orientation to the cuidador of the patient with AVC, sights to the quality of life of the patient.
Five years are observed peaks of transmission to each, presenting trend of increase of the number of cases, from the year of 1985, when the implantation of the actions of monitoring and control of the LTA in the country is made solid. In the period of 1985 the 2005, one is verified measured annual of 28.568 registered cases autctones and coefficient of average detention of 18,5 casos/100.000 inhabitants, verifying itself raised coefficients more in the years of 1994 and 1995, when they had reached levels of 22,83 and 22,94 cases for 100.000 inhabitants. GRAPH 05 – Medicines used for treatment. Source: Research of field carried through for the academics of 3 period of Pharmacy of the FIPMoc in the city of Oath 1 semester of 2010. The data of GRAF. 05 demonstrate that, the interviewed people had not known to answer which medicine were used for the treatment of the Leishmaniose. For more than sixty years, the treatment of leishmanioses comes being carried through with pentavalentes antimonial substances: antimoniato of N-metil glucamina-Glucantime and estibogluconato of sodium-Pentostan, that are the medicines of first choice for the treatment. (CONTIJO; MELO, 2004). According to Oak (2001), in used Brazil the medicine more for the treatment of the Leishmaniose is the Glucantime. CONCLUSION It is possible to conclude in this study that the incidence of the Leishmaniose in Oath is high, since of the 17 people who had made the test, two had resulted positive for the illness, that is, 12% of the total sample. Of the symptoms observed in the population, main they had been injuries in the skin, fever and loss of weight. In the cases of positive diagnosis, the treatment was carried through gratuitously in hospitals, however, none of the interviewed ones knew to answer which the medicine was used in its treatment.
The description of the implementation of the NIC in hospitals for test and recommendations for its implementation had also been boarded subjects (21). In national scope study with the objective was carried through to identify which of the contained activities of nursing in the intervention has controlled of liquids is carried through by the nurses of three different hospitals (22). The fact of the too much boardings of the works analyzed in the present study to appear in lesser frequency does not dismiss the relevance of the same ones for the nursing. Valley to consider the importance of the too much boarded contents for the nurses who to desire to carry through new studies on the NIC. Of the total of analyzed studies, 7 (19.4%) were Brazilians. How much to the nature of the same ones, 3 mentioned it teses of doutorado, the 1 scientific dissertao of Mestrado and the 3 articles. In relation to the boardings, they are distinguished it use of the NIC in the practical one next to patients with excess of volume of liquids (22), the adequacy semantics of interventions of the NIC (23), the comparison of interventions of the NIC with the practical chain (24), the suggestion of use of the NIC to assist in the prevention of errors in practical (25) and the description of aspects of the use of the NIC in informatizados systems (13). The relative data to the Brazilian production call the attention for the great possibility studies on the NIC in the country. The viability of the use of this taxonomy in our daily one, the best form to implement it, the aspects that only favor and make it difficult its use will be disclosed if studied with depth in the different contexts. CONCLUSIONS were raised, in the databases consulted, the total of 59 (100%) works on the NIC and analyzed in complete the 33 (55.9%) works between articles, teses and dissertaes.