Five years are observed peaks of transmission to each, presenting trend of increase of the number of cases, from the year of 1985, when the implantation of the actions of monitoring and control of the LTA in the country is made solid. In the period of 1985 the 2005, one is verified measured annual of 28.568 registered cases autctones and coefficient of average detention of 18,5 casos/100.000 inhabitants, verifying itself raised coefficients more in the years of 1994 and 1995, when they had reached levels of 22,83 and 22,94 cases for 100.000 inhabitants. GRAPH 05 – Medicines used for treatment. Source: Research of field carried through for the academics of 3 period of Pharmacy of the FIPMoc in the city of Oath 1 semester of 2010. The data of GRAF.
05 demonstrate that, the interviewed people had not known to answer which medicine were used for the treatment of the Leishmaniose. For more than sixty years, the treatment of leishmanioses comes being carried through with pentavalentes antimonial substances: antimoniato of N-metil glucamina-Glucantime and estibogluconato of sodium-Pentostan, that are the medicines of first choice for the treatment. (CONTIJO; MELO, 2004). According to Oak (2001), in used Brazil the medicine more for the treatment of the Leishmaniose is the Glucantime. CONCLUSION It is possible to conclude in this study that the incidence of the Leishmaniose in Oath is high, since of the 17 people who had made the test, two had resulted positive for the illness, that is, 12% of the total sample. Of the symptoms observed in the population, main they had been injuries in the skin, fever and loss of weight. In the cases of positive diagnosis, the treatment was carried through gratuitously in hospitals, however, none of the interviewed ones knew to answer which the medicine was used in its treatment.