Franois Simiand


The present reflection aims at to demonstrate as and great diverse the historical sources that the historian makes use to reconstruct the historical tram of the social individuals in the time and space. The Historian and it I dialogue with the past Somebody can ask: how historian establishes the contact, dialogues with the past? How to arrive ties there, if it does not exist more? How the knowledge of the possible past and? In view of that all knowledge of the past is ‘ ‘ indireto’ ‘ e, then, the historian, for definition, is in the impossibility of proper it to evidence the 2 facts that studies ‘ ‘. Thus, as it affirms Franois Simiand, the historical knowledge is ‘ ‘ a knowledge through 3 vestiges ‘ ‘ of perceivable marks to the left directions ‘ ‘ for a phenomenon in exactly impossible itself of captar’ ‘ 4 Ahead of this, remains to the historian to the task to try to reconstitute to possible existences for the people of the past and the contexts where they were dived, where they had acted producing its forms of experience that they had relegated to the gift. Thus, we have that to search in such a way to the human beings of the point of view of its time-space as the processes that produce the one facts inside determined period of time. Details can be found by clicking Coen brothers or emailing the administrator. Of this form, we can say that History becomes related with the Time 5. E, more specifically, it becomes related with the past seen from the gift. Or, still, it is the gift, looking for to give to a direction and an explanation for the past. ‘ ‘ footprint humana’ ‘ throughout the times, inside of the historical process, it is, at the same time, process of production of the culture and a crystallization necessity that if carries through for the register.


Caucasus Mountains


All sources stay on the Cimmerians in Asia, they act as nomads, living by war, constantly attacking various cities and states, in turn won victories and defeats tolerate, are easily converted from enemies into allies and vice versa. Relative area occupied by the Cimmerians, the scientists are divided. The majority, in accordance with one embodiment of legends about the origin of the Scythians, transmitted by Herodotus, believe that in time the Cimmerians doskifskoe severoprichernomorskie inhabited the steppes. From there, they made trips to Asia to the Black Sea coast (according to Herodotus), or through the passes of the Caucasus Mountains (in According to some modern scholars). Some scholars have expanded the territory of the Cimmerians living (at the last stage of their history), including in its individual areas of the modern Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Others, conversely, narrow area of the Cimmerians to modern Kerch and Taman peninsulas, or only the North-West Caucasus, or one of the Kerch Peninsula (sometimes even part of it). Kerch peninsula has always been focus of interest in Cimmerian problem, since it is linked almost all known place names Cimmerian: Cimmerian Bosporus (Kerch Strait), Cimmerian ferry, Cimmerian walls, the city Kimmerik, Mount Cimmeria. Fairly common hypothesis is that the Cimmerians had never lived in the northern Black Sea coast, they formed a tribal alliance in the Iranian plateau, from which raids were carried, as reflected in written sources. The question of linguistic identity Cimmerian finally solved. At one time they ranked as the Celts, Slavs, Caucasians, Germans, etc.


Immigrants


The practical effect of this discrimination can be felt in the actions of the varguista government before ' ' subjects of the Eixo' '. He forbade himself to say Japanese in public, to alfabetizar or to teach foreign languages, to publish periodicals, magazines, pamphlets in Japanese, to congregate itself in groups, to create associations or society, to dislocate itself from a city to another one without safe conduct, the foreigners would have to carry the famous wallet of identification ' ' model 19' ' or the register certificate ' ' model 20' '. They had been shady times. The difficulties of communication, displacement and the arrests of arbitrary character had finished for isolating each time more the Japanese immigrants, mainly in the interior of the state of So Paulo. In the reality, producing the contrary effect to the politics of nationalization idealized for the varguista intelligentsia. In 1941 middle, the Buenos-Aires ship maru, in an act that finished for if becoming symbolic, brought to Brazil the last one takes of immigrants, locking up a period initiated in 1908. At that moment, dreams that fed ' ' ida' ' for Brazil, or ' ' volta' ' for Japan, they had become distant A new moment marked for apprehension and doubts had beginning. In 28 of January of 1942, the Consulate-generality of Japan locked up its diplomatical activities in the country, leaving without official governmental representation the Japanese that inhabited here. After the disruption of Brazil with the countries that composed the Axle (Germany, Italy and Japan), a series of vandalism acts and depredation had occurred against the Japanese in some regions, mainly in the states of So Paulo and the Paran. For many immigrants, mainly the just-immigrated ones pairava in air a feeling of abandonment, true ' ' orfandade' ' Throughout the years of war many arrests had occurred. In some regions of the interior of the state of So Paulo, which had the great amount Japanese of prisoners, the police stations sent for the Inn of the Immigrants ' ' excedentes' ' that they were in its majority, one 3 or 4 days and later were set free.


Paulo


In its ending, it is evidenced by the present study that the nature of the religious spirit, even so contributes for the formation of a sacred environment and another profane one, also constitutes with basic base in the social life of the primitive man, observing that, would be the primitive religion the first base of a collective representation atrelando the direction of its you practise religious, immediate necessities of overcoming and materials. The man, as well as all its conceptions of sacred, primitive possesss an inestimable wealth that contributes and enriches the formation of great civilizations of the old world. In this comment, is clearly that, either in the African, American or Asian continent, the manifestations of sacred matrix and its development (mythologies, fbulas and paintings) it is inherent in all the ways. Something that was impregnated in these men. Being thus, through the research and its aiming for the boarded subjects, it was clearly what it was the possible religion during the prehistoric period. Bibliographical references: ALVES, Rubem. What it is religion? 7 ed. So Paulo: Loyola editions, 1999. KOVALEV, V. DIAKOV, S. the Primitive Society. So Paulo: Global, 1982. KUJAWSKY, Gilbert de Mello. Ortega y Gasset: The adventure of the Reason. 3 ed. So Paulo: Modern. 1994. LANGANEY, Andres. The most beautiful History of the Man: Of as the land if it became human being. Rio De Janeiro: DIFEL, 2002. MITHEN, Steven J. Daily pay-History of the Mind: Busca of the Origins of the Art, the Religion and the Writing. So Paulo: UNESP, 2003. ORTEGA Y GASSET, Jose. History as System, followed of Mirabeau, or Politician. Brasilia: UnB, 1982. ____________.Ideas y Creencias. 2 ed. Buenos Aires: Espazas, 1944. SWANSON, Guy E. the Origin of the Primitive Religions. So Paulo: Forensic, 1968.


Vietnam And China


China, the Coreia of the north and, mainly the Soviet Union, had given logistic support to the Vietnam of the North, but without becoming involved themselves directamente in the conflict. In 1965, U.S.A. had sent topas to support the government of the Vietnam of the South that if it showed incapable to fight the rebellious movement of nationalists and Communists, who if they had joined in the FNL. However, although its immense power economic-military man U.S.A. had failed in its objectivos, being obliged to leave of the country in 1973. Two years later it only is that, the Vietnam was reunified under socialist government e, becoming officially in 1976 in the Socialist Republic of the Vietnam. During the war, the three four million Vietnameses of both sides had approximately died, beyond others about two million Cambodians and dragged laocianos onward of combat, with the propagation of the conflict, had where participated also, about cinquenta a thousand soldiers of U.S.A. In this period, U.S.A. had shown to a great fire power, using its artillery and aviation of combat to destroy the bases enemy. The troops of the Vietnamese army of the north, less equipped and trained, had used the huge forests of the Vietnam, having spread mortal traps against the enemies. This war was stopped with a great daily covering of the medias, having divided even though the North American society in terms of position, that took the signature of the Peace accords of Paris, in 1973. That it removed the American troops of the country in conflict. For U.S.A., the War of the Vietnam resulted in the biggest confrontation armed where already they had become involved and its withdrawal, it provoked ' ' syndrome of the Vietn' ' , in its citizens and society, reflectindo itself deeply in its culture, cinematographic industry and foreign policy, until the election of president Ronald Reagan, in 1980.