Educational Films Of Foreign Manufacture


Among the foreign-made pictures of the most complete section was presented to geographical and ethnographic films, collectively called "species". These "species" of painting at an early stage of development film were the leading group in terms of numbers of films. They shot many hundreds of names of agents still the Lumiere brothers in 1896-1898 years, traveled around the world with a new attraction – the cinema. Then, when the Lumiere brothers gave up film production, generic picture continued to take a French company Gaumont Pathe and, English, "Warwick", the German-FIR "Messter" and "Bioskop" American "Edison", "Vaytagraf" "Bayograf" and many, many others. Thousands of names unreleased until the First World War, specific films included in the program of each session, a typical commercial cinema theaters. After that, used in commercial distribution, they were transferred at a reduced rate institutions and organizations that have used the cinema in the educational activity. Only two editions of the catalog "intelligent cinema" lists 1,200 species of paintings depicting the life of foreign countries. Of this number, 800 were devoted to different countries of Europe, 200 – Asia, mainly India and the Muslim East, more than 100 – Africa, about 60 – America, the principal way North, Canada and the USA, 35 – Australia. Some of these paintings depicted the life of nature and of foreign countries in colors (color film were painted by hand, although in the early 10-x gg. Inventor Urban Smith proposed satisfactory for the time the system color photography. However, according to L.